Renewable Energy is a great source to reduce your carbon footprint and use clean energy anywhere. You may have heard that “renewable electricity” is from the wind, sun, and water. But does it really involve such a small impact on the environment? This is what this blog aims to answer.
Renewable energy and its type
As we all know, renewable electricity comes from natural resources like the sun, wind, and water. However, this definition only scratches the surface. Renewable sources can also come from biomass (plant material consumed in the process of making energy), geothermal, hydroelectricity, and tidal power.
These days, many types of renewable sources can be used to generate electricity. So which is the best?
The answer to this question largely depends on your needs and preferences. Some people prefer renewable energy because it’s affordable and clean. Others prioritise emissions reduction over other factors. Ultimately, it’s up to you to decide which type of renewable energy is best for you.
There are many types of renewable electricity, including solar, wind, hydro, and geothermal. While each has its own advantages and disadvantages, they all share one key benefit: they’re much cleaner than traditional fossil fuels like coal and oil. Burning fossil fuels releases harmful pollutants into the air, contributing to climate change and respiratory problems.
Renewable energy sources don’t have these same negative impacts.
Importance of Renewable Energy
Renewable energy is an essential part of any country’s energy mix. It helps reduce our reliance on fossil fuels, which can harm the environment and human health. Renewables also provide us with clean and renewable sources of energy that can be used for many purposes, including powering homes and businesses.
1: Solar energy is the cleanest energy source.
Solar energy is the most environmentally friendly type of renewable electricity. It doesn’t produce any air pollutants, and it doesn’t require any water resources to generate power. All you need is sunlight to generate electricity.
First, the Sunlight is converted by the solar panels to heat, which is then used to power an electric generator. It’s a popular choice because it’s relatively reliable and doesn’t require large amounts of land.
Here is the list of the top 10 Solar companies in India.
2: Wind power is also a secure and environmentally friendly source.
Wind energy is the second most environmentally-friendly type of renewable energy.
Wind turbines harness the power of the wind to generate electricity. The wind turns the blades of a turbine, which produces kinetic energy. This energy is then converted into electrical energy.
You can use the wind to generate electricity any time of the day or night, making it an excellent option for intermittent power sources like solar and hydro.
However, Wind turbine is a large and noisy machines, so they may not be the best choice for some locations.
3: Hydroelectric Power is a secure and sustainable form of energy.
Hydroelectricity is generated when water is turned into energy by a hydroelectric plant. The plant uses the power of flowing water to turn turbines and generate electricity.
First, a dam is built across a river or stream. Then, the water is diverted into a canal, turning the turbines. The water then goes back into the river or stream and is repeated.
Hydroelectricity is a sustainable energy source, meaning it doesn’t require natural resources to keep it running.
4: GEO Thermal energy is powerful but non-sustainable.
Geothermal energy is a non-renewable renewable energy that uses the earth’s heat to generate electricity.
First, water is heated by the earth’s core, which causes steam to escape. This steam turns turbines and produces electricity.
While geothermal energy is powerful, it’s not sustainable because it relies on the earth’s heat. If the earth’s temperature changes, so do geothermal energy production.
5:Tidal power is a renewable energy source that uses the tides
Tidal power is a type of renewable energy that uses waves.
The tides are potent forces that push and pull objects along coastlines. This motion can be used to turn turbines and produce electricity.
While tidal power has some advantages, it also has some disadvantages. For one, tidal power is only helpful in areas with solid tidal movements. Additionally, tidal energy is relatively expensive to install and maintain.
Not All Renewable energy is clean.
While all renewable energy sources are environmentally-friendly, not all are clean.
- Recent Studies have shown that solar and wind power have environmental impacts. For example, when solar panels are installed, they can leave behind large amounts of dust and debris.
- Similarly, wind turbines can produce noise. This noise can disrupt the environment and scare wildlife.
- While nuclear power is a viable option for some applications, it’s not a clean energy source.
- Nuclear power plants generate electricity by turning uranium into radioactive material. This process creates waste products like radioactive water and atomic ash.
- The waste products are then stored in containment tanks, where they can release radiation over time.
- While nuclear power has the potential to be clean, it doesn’t always live up to that promise.
- Hydrogen energy is not a clean energy source either. Hydrogen is extracted from water using energy-consuming processes like electrolysis.
- Once the hydrogen is extracted, it’s turned into energy using a fuel cell. This process produces polluting emissions that can harm the environment.
While these environmental impacts are minor compared to fossil fuel power plants, they’re still worth considering.
Ultimately, it’s up to each individual to decide which type of renewable energy is best for them. But remember: all forms of renewable energy have the potential to be clean and environmentally-friendly sources of energy.
So while all renewable electricity is a step in the right direction, choosing the best source for your specific needs is essential.
Installed capacity of renewable sources of energy in India
Renewable energy sources have been on the rise in India. In 2021, there was an installed capacity of 150.54 gigawatts (GW) of renewable energy. This is a 78% increase from the previous year.
The majority of this installed capacity was solar (48.55 GW), followed by wind (40.03 GW) and hydropower (52 GW).
While each Renewable electricity has its own advantages and disadvantages, they all share one key benefit: they’re much cleaner than traditional fossil fuels like coal and oil. Burning fossil fuels releases harmful pollutants into the air, contributing to climate change and respiratory problems.
Renewable energy sources don’t have these same negative impacts.
Join the next era of energy
The benefits of Renewable & clean energy are clear: they’re more hygienic than traditional fossil fuels, and they have little to no negative impacts on the environment. Renewable energy sources are on the rise in India, and they have the potential to play an essential role in mitigating climate change.
We must educate everyone about these benefits, advocate for government policies that support clean energy solutions, and support renewable electricity initiatives to make the most of this powerful tool.
It will take time, but in the future, most of our electricity will come from renewable sources like solar, wind, and water.